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The global energy landscape is undergoing a significant transformation, with FSRU’s playing a pivotal role in diversifying energy sources and enhancing energy security.

As Europe spearheads this movement, other regions across the globe are also emerging as key players in the FSRU and LNG market.

This insight piece delves into the strategic moves, emerging markets, challenges, and recruitment trends within this dynamic sector.

Europe’s Strategic LNG Moves and Market Expansion:

Europe is rapidly deploying FSRUs to reduce dependency on Russian pipeline gas and bolster energy security. Key players such as RWE and Uniper are at the forefront of these initiatives, with significant projects underway in Greece, Germany, and Italy and completed projects in France.

Additionally, Poland and Lithuania are expected to commence FSRU operations between 2024 and 2026, further strengthening the continent’s energy infrastructure.

Major European LNG Projects:
  • Germany LNG Projects: Germany’s economy ministry expects the country’s LNG import capacity to reach 37 Bcm/year in 2024, doubling again by 2028. Germany already has three operational FSRUs—a privately operated vessel at Lubmin and two backed by the German state at Brunsbuttel and Wilhelmshaven—and has plans for three more, including the arrival of Energos Force at the port of Stade.

LNG Challenges in Europe:

European LNG Over-Build Risk

As in many infrastructure cycles, there is some risk of over-build as plans continue to proliferate, with some operators reporting insufficient demand for additional longer-term capacity:

  • Poland LNG Overbuild Risk: Poland’s Gaz-System reported insufficient market demand to justify a planned second FSRU in the Bay of Gdansk.
  • Lithuania LNG Overbuild Risk: Lithuania’s terminal operator Klaipedos Nafta postponed its capacity development project in November due to similar concerns.

Despite a general preference for floating LNG import infrastructure over land-based terminals in Europe, the FSRUs at Brunsbuttel and Stade will be replaced by permanent terminals from 2026-27, with cost implications.

According to S&P Global analysts, “Between 2022 and 2028, onshore engineering, procurement and construction costs are forecast to increase by 14%. Labor and equipment costs will be the main cost drivers during the forecast period.

European LNG Geopolitical Risks

Europe’s historical reliance on Russian natural gas has long been a cornerstone of its energy strategy, providing a stable but geopolitically fraught supply. However, escalating geopolitical tensions and the pressing need for energy security have driven European nations to seek alternative sources.

The continent is now actively diversifying its natural gas supply by engaging with countries such as Norway, the United States, and Qatar. Significant investments in liquefied natural gas (LNG) infrastructure, including new import terminals and pipeline projects, are being made to support this transition.

By expanding its energy portfolio, Europe aims to mitigate the risks associated with over-reliance on a single supplier, enhance its energy independence, and ensure a more secure and sustainable energy future. Managing political tensions and ensuring supply security remain critical concerns for FSRU projects in Europe.

Emerging LNG Markets Beyond Europe:

While Europe leads the FSRU expansion, other regions are also emerging as significant markets. Emerging markets for FSRUs are expanding beyond Europe, with significant growth seen in Asia and South America. In Asia, countries like Vietnam, India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh are increasingly turning to FSRUs to meet their rising energy demands due to their cost-effectiveness and rapid deployment capabilities.

These nations are leveraging FSRUs and other LNG infrastructure to enhance energy security and diversify their energy sources. Similarly, in South America, Brazil and Argentina are adopting FSRU technology to support their growing industrial sectors and reduce dependence on traditional energy imports. The flexibility and efficiency of FSRUs make them an attractive solution for these regions to quickly boost their LNG import capacity, driving substantial interest and investment in this innovative technology.

Here’s a closer look at some of these regions…
Asia-Pacific Region


Bangladesh is investing in FSRU technology to meet growing energy demands despite challenges related to underdeveloped port infrastructure. The country is focusing on leveraging FSRUs to enhance its energy security and manage increasing energy consumption. Key companies include Excelerate Energy and Summit Power International.

Vietnam and the Philippines 

Vietnam and the Philippines are exploring FSRU projects to diversify energy sources and reduce reliance on coal. These initiatives are part of broader strategies to transition to cleaner energy and enhance energy security in the face of rising environmental concerns. Notable companies involved include Tokyo Gas and Shell.


India is expanding its LNG infrastructure with several FSRU projects in the pipeline to support growing energy needs. The country aims to increase its LNG import capacity to reduce dependence on coal and support its ambitious renewable energy targets. They will be expanding LNG infrastructure with several FSRU projects in the pipeline, such as the H-Energy’s Jaigarh terminal. Key players include H-Energy, GAIL, and Petronet LNG.

Latin America


Brazil is utilizing FSRUs to supplement domestic gas production and support industrial growth. The country’s strategic use of FSRUs is aimed at addressing energy shortages and ensuring a stable supply of natural gas for industrial applications. Companies like Petrobras and Golar LNG are actively involved.


Argentina is using FSRUs to balance seasonal fluctuations in gas demand and supply. This approach helps the country manage its energy needs more effectively, particularly during peak demand periods. Key players including YPF and Excelerate Energy.

Middle East and Africa

South Africa 

South Africa is considering FSRUs to diversify its energy mix and reduce coal dependence. The country’s strategic location makes it an ideal candidate for FSRU deployment, which can enhance energy security and support economic growth. Key companies include DNG Energy and TotalEnergie.

Israel and Egypt 

Israel and Egypt are expanding their LNG import capabilities with FSRU projects to enhance energy security and support domestic and regional energy needs. These projects are part of broader strategies to leverage natural gas resources and strengthen energy infrastructure. Major players are Noble Energy and Eni.

LNG Recruitment Struggles and Key Talent:

The dramatically increasing demand in LNG supply and infrastructure has created a high demand for specialised talent in an extremely niche sector.

This limited pool of companies means top talent is crucial, with key roles including Analysts to assess and mitigate geopolitical risks, experienced LNG leaders to navigate complex regulatory issues, Senior Project personnel with expertise in managing large-scale infrastructure projects, and site teams specialising in LNG and FSRU technology.

These professionals are essential for the successful deployment and operation of FSRU projects.


The global FSRU market is poised for significant growth, with Europe leading the charge and emerging markets in Asia, Latin America, and Africa following closely.

While opportunities abound, the industry must navigate a complex landscape of geopolitical risks, regulatory compliance, and infrastructure development. For recruitment companies, this presents a unique opportunity to provide specialized talent to support the industry’s expansion and ensure successful project outcomes.

By staying informed about these trends and preparing to address the associated challenges, leaders in the FSRU and LNG sectors can effectively capatalise on the growth opportunities in these emerging markets.

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